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NAPHISH (nā'fĭsh, Heb. nāphîsh). A son of Ishmael whose clan was subdued by Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh (Gen.25.15; 1Chr.1.31; 1Chr.5.19). His descendants, temple servants (kjv Nethinim), returned with Zerubbabel from exile (Ezra.2.50; Neh.7.52; niv Nephussim).

NAPHISH nā’ fĭsh (נָפִ֖ישׁ). One of Ishmael’s twelve sons (Gen 25:15; 1 Chron 1:31). He was badly defeated by the Israelites on the E of the Jordan (1 Chron 5:19; KJV NEPHISH). His descendants are referred to in Ezra 2:50 as “the sons of Nephisim” (ASV and RSV) or “Nephusim” (KJV and ASVmg.). The parallel passage Nehemiah 7:52 has “Nephushesim” (ASV and RSV) or “Nephishesim” (KJV and ASVmg.). In 1 Esdras 5:31 the KJV and ASV have “Naphisi”; the RSV has “Nephisim.”

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

A son of Ishmael (Ge 25:15; 1Ch 1:31). Naphish, along with other Hagrite clans, was overwhelmingly defeated by the Israelite tribes on the East of the Jordan (1Ch 5:19, the King James Version "Nephish"). Their descendants are mentioned among the Nethinim by the name "Nephisim," the King James Version and the Revised Version margin "Nephusim" (Ezr 2:50); "Nephushesim," the King James Version and the Revised Version margin "Nephishesim" (Ne 7:52); "Naphisi" (1 Esdras 5:31).

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