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Morning star

DAYSTAR (Gr. phōsphoros, light-giving). The planet Venus, seen as a morning star, heralding the dawn. The prophet compared the splendor of the king of Babylon to Lucifer, “son of the morning” (Isa.14.12 kjv; jb, nasb, rsv “son of [the] dawn”; niv “morning star”). Jesus calls himself “the bright Morning Star” (Rev.22.16). He is called the “morning star” in 2Pet.1.19.

DAY STAR, DAY-STAR, Gr. φωσφόρος, G5892, literally “bearer of light,” name applied to Venus in classical Gr. astronomy. It is hapax legomenon in 2 Peter 1:19. The name is utilized by the Ger. alchemist Henning Brandt (17th cent.) for the element phosphorus (P) in a.d. 1669. There is some evidence that it was applied to the sun by certain Hel. astrological writers, but its primary reference from early Hel. times onward was to Venus, the morning star (planet). Such usages in the NT are prob. snatches of liturgical or doxological phrases used by the Apostolic Church and obliquely referring to OT passages such as Numbers 24:17. The tr. of the RSV, “morning star” is to be preferred.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

The Old Testament passage is rendered in the King James Version "Lucifer, son of the morning," in the King James Version margin and the Revised Version (British and American) "day-star," i.e. the morning star. The reference is to the king of Babylon (Isa 14:4). In 2Pe 1:19, "Until .... the daystar arise in your hearts," the word is literally, "light-bringer." It is applicable, therefore, not only to the planet Venus, seen as a morning star, herald of the dawn, but to the sun itself, and is used here as a title of our Lord. See Astronomy, sec. I, 6.