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# Measures of area

Due to the length of the Weights and Measures page, it's been split up into different sections. You can find the main article at Weights and Measures.

## Measures of area

It was a widely practiced custom in ancient times to state land areas in terms of what a yoke of oxen could plow in one day, or the amount of seed required to sow a given area.

### Egyptian

The cubit (*mḥ*) was used in Egypt for determining areas. A piece of land one cubit wide and one hundred cubits long was considered as a cubit in area. A hundred cubits (an area of one hundred cubits square) was a *sṯ’t*, and was equal to roughly 2/3 acre.

### Mesopotamian

Land was measured in Babylonia and Assyria by the area a team of oxen could plow in a day. This area was defined as 6,480 square cubits (or 20.4 in.) or about 4/10 acre. Land was also measured according to the quantity of grain necessary to sow it; thus one finds such expressions as an *imeru* of land. Area measures varied in different times and places.

### Israelite

Land was also measured by the amount of grain required to sow it (*seahs* (“measures,” KJV and RSV) of seed (

### Roman

The Lat. *jugum* (yoke, team) was used to describe the area plowed by a team. It was later defined as a *jugerum* of 28,800 square (Rom.) ft., or 5/8 acre. It has been calculated that 3 3/5 seahs were required to sow one jugerum of land in the Graeco-Rom. period which would be .173 acres. The Rom. furrow (*actus*) was 120 Rom. ft. in length, and land was measured according to the square *actus.*