MASTER. The tr. of a number of Heb. and Gr. words. 1. אָדוֹן, H123, usually denotes the owner or master of a servant or slave. The RSV renders it “master” 100 times and “lord” 215 times. The KJV and the RSV generally agree in these OT renderings.
2. בַּ֫עַל, H1251, lord, owner, master. A difficult text involving the use of this word is
3. עוּר, H6424, to rouse oneself, awake.
4. διδάσκαλος, G1437, teacher. This Gr. word, which in the gospels is applied to Jesus forty-two times, is in the KJV tr. “Master” forty-one times, and “teacher” once (
5. ἐπιστάτης, G2181, master, teacher. This Gr. word is applied to Jesus seven times and is always tr. “master.” It is found only in the vocative.
6. καθηγητής, G2762, a leader, teacher. This appears only in
7. κύριος, G3261, lord, master, sir, Lord. The form “lord” in the NT connotes mere possession of authority, but in such cases the RSV usually tr. “master” or the like (
8. ῥαββί, G4806, my master. In John’s gospel “Master” in the KJV becomes “Rabbi” in the RSV (
R. Bridges and L. A. Weigle, The Bible Word Book (1960), 218, 219, 340.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
The verb "to master" does not occur in the, but we have in Apocrypha ( 12:18) "mastering thy power" (despozon ischuos), the Revised Version (British and American) "being sovereign over (thy) strengh."