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The Métis (from a French word meaning “to mix”) are people of mixed European and usually Cree or Ojibwa Indian blood and were originally the offspring of the NW Canadian fur trade. Those of French origin have survived because the French Roman Catholic missionaries encouraged them to keep the language and religion of the fathers while the Métis held to the nomadic way of life of their Indian mothers. During the nineteenth century the Métis began to think of themselves as a “new nation” and sought a way of life which was part Indian and part European, but accepted by neither. They have suffered much during the twentieth century because of the loss of their way of life.