Louis-Arie Grignion De Montfort

1673-1716. Missionary, trained at the Jesuit College, Rennes. After a life devoted to prayer and poverty, he was ordained priest in 1700. From 1701 to 1703 he was chaplain to the hospital at Poitiers where he founded the “Daughters of Wisdom,” a congregation devoted to the nursing of the sick and the education of poor children. In 1704, however, he regarded his true vocation as the missionary in W France. During the initial period he suffered from the jealousies of the Jansenists, who envied him his influence. Several years before his death he founded a second congregation, the “Company of Mary,” a congregation of missionaries. Both foundations suffered severe numerical losses during 1715, but they have since been revived. His most famous work on devotion and mariology, Traité de la vraie dévotion à la Sainte Vierge, first printed in 1842, was popular with some English Catholics and was translated in 1863 by F.W. Faber. It has since been reprinted several times. Pius XII canonized him on 20 July 1947.