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Lambeth Articles

Nine theological propositions drawn up in 1595 at Lambeth Palace, London, by Archbishop Whitgift and his advisers. Their purpose was to clarify the doctrine of predestination which was mildly stated in Article Seventeen of the Thirty-Nine Articles.* At Cambridge there had been a controversy over predestination, due to the advocacy of a “weak” doctrine of divine election (similar to that of the later Arminians) by Peter Baro and William Barrett. William Whitaker and others defended the doctrine of double predestination based wholly on God's good pleasure. A series of articles were drawn up and these, modified slightly by Whitgift, became the Lambeth Articles. Queen Elizabeth did not like them, so they were not officially authorized; they were, however, incorporated into the 1615 Irish Articles.*