KORAZIN (kō-rā'zĭn). Modern Khirbet Kerǎzeh, ruins about two miles (three km.) north of Tell hǔm, the site of Capernaum. Korazin is mentioned only in the woes Christ pronounced on it (
CHORAZIN kō rā’ zĭn (Χοραζιν, Χοραζειν, Χωραζιν). A town situated near the , denounced by Jesus, and mentioned in the Bible only twice (
Little is known of the town. The site is prob. that of Khirbet Kerazeh, two m. N of Capernaum. This agrees with evidence provided by Eusebius (Onomasticon, 174) and Jerome (Onomasticon 175; The Sites and Names of Hebrew Places, 194; but cf. Commentary on Isa, 3). Khirbet Kerazeh is high above Capernaum on the basalt hills and evidence from the ruins indicates that it was inhabited as early as the later Stone Age. The Talmud mentions the town under the name Kerazim as being famous for its quality of wheat (Menahoth, 85a). A synagogue built of the black volcanic rock of the area forms part of the ruins. It was not as impressive as the synagogue in Capernaum (q.v.), however. Also among the ruins was a carved stone seat with an Aram. inscr. in honor of the donor. This may well be an example of “Moses’ seat” (see
F.—M. Abel, Géographie de la Palestine, II (1938), 154, 299, 300; C. Kopp, The Holy Places of the Gospels (1963), 187-189.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
A city whose name appears only in the woe pronounced against it by Christ (