1768-1837. Baptist missionary. Born at Westbury Leigh, Wiltshire, he had a scanty education but read avidly while working with his weaver father. He married Hannah Shepherd (1791), and they had twelve children. He became master of a Baptist school at Broadmead, Bristol (1794). He offered for the Baptist Missionary Society and sailed for India with William Ward to join * in 1799. Forbidden to land by the East India Company, they settled at Danish Serampore, where Carey joined them. There they preached, taught, itinerated, and translated. Joshua and Hannah opened boarding schools to help pay for printing the Scriptures. An able Orientalist, he published the works of Confucius, Chinese grammars, and a Chinese version of the Bible.