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Joseph Hubert Reinkens

1821-1896. Old Catholic* bishop. Born at Burtscheid, near Aix-la-Chapelle, he was professor of church history (1850) and rector (1865) at Breslau University. He opposed the Vatican Council* definition of papal infallibility (1870), joining J.J.I. von Döllinger* in the Nuremberg Declaration. Excommunicated, he was elected the first bishop of the German Old Catholics at Cologne (1873), with his see at Bonn. Consecrated by Bishop Hermann Heykamp of Deventer of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht, he in turn consecrated Edward Herzog as the first Swiss Old Catholic bishop (1876). He took a prominent part in the Bonn* Reunion Conferences (1874-75) and devoted the rest of his life to the Old Catholic cause. He visited England (1881) and defended the validity of Anglican orders against the Dutch Old Catholics (1894). He wrote a treatise on Cyprian and the unity of the church (1875).