John Philpot

1516-1555. Protestant martyr. Born at Compton in Hampshire and educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford, he qualified in law and then traveled on the Continent. He was nearly arrested by the Inquisition* for expounding heretical (Protestant) notions in controversy with a Franciscan friar. Returning to England, he became archdeacon of Winchester in the reign of Edward VI; but after attacking transubstantiation he fell foul of his bishop and his queen (Mary) and was imprisoned. After examination at Newgate, London, he was burned at Smithfield. He admired Calvin and translated some of his homilies. His extant works were printed by the Parker Society in 1842.