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Johann Karl Friedrich Keil

1807-1888. Lutheran scholar and exegete. Born in Lauterbach, Saxony, he studied theology at the universities of Dorpat and Berlin, and was professor of Old and New Testament exegesis and oriental languages at Dorpat (1833-58). Influenced by Hengstenberg toward conservative orthodoxy, Keil helped to shape Lutheran ministerial thought in the Baltic provinces for twenty-five years. From 1859 until his death he lived in Leipzig and Rodlitz, engaging in literary work and in serving the Lutheran Church. A vigorous advocate of conservative theology, he rejected the rationalistic, critical views of Scripture. His chief work is his biblical commentary on the OT begun in 1861 in collaboration with Franz Delitzsch. Later expositions appeared on the gospels, Peter, Hebrews, and Jude.