JOHANAN (jō-hā'năn, Heb. yôhānān, Jehovah has been gracious)
2. The eldest son of King Josiah (1 Chron 3:15). He did not succeed his father on the throne.
3. Son of Elioenai, in David’s line (1 Chron 3:24).
4. Son of Azariah and father of the Azariah who served as priest in the Temple of Solomon (1 Chron 6:9, 10). 1 Kings 4:2 points to the father as the Solomonic high priest.
5. One of David’s “mighty men” from the tribe of Benjamin. They could shoot arrows and sling stones with either hand (1 Chron 12:4).
6. A man of the tribe of Gad who joined David in the wilderness (1 Chron 12:12). He is listed eighth in rank among the officers. These men were experienced warriors, expert with shield and spear.
7. Head (rōsh) of a family which descended from the sons of Azgad (Ezra 8:12). The phrase “son of Hakkatan” (הַקָּטָ֑ן, “the small” or “young”) may be read “Johanan the younger” or “Johanan the less.” He led one hundred and ten men who returned with Ezra from Babylonia to Judah.
8. Father of Azariah, one of the chiefs (rōsh) of the men of Ephraim who protested making slaves of captive people from Judah (2 Chron 28:12). The MT reads Jehohanan instead of Johanan.
9. Son of Tobiah and contemporary of Nehemiah (Neh 6:18). RSV and MT read Jehohanan.
10. Grandson of Eliashib the high priest, and high priest himself during the reign of Darius II (Neh 12:22, 23). The MT has Jehohanan. Cf. Nehemiah 12:11 where Jonathan should, perhaps, be read Johanan.
H. H. Rowley, “The Chronological Order of Ezra and Nehemiah,” The Servant of the Lord (1952), 145-151; W. A. L. Elmslie, Exegesis of I Chronicles, IB, III (1954), 357 (2), 366 (4); R. A. Bowman, Exegesis of Ezra and Nehemiah, IB, III (1954), 632-634 (7), 723 (9), 654, 787, 789f. (10); J. M. Myers, I Chronicles, The Anchor Bible (1965), 20 (2), 22 (3), 96 (5, 6).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(yochanan, "Yahweh has been gracious"; Ioanan; compare JEHOHANAN):
(1) Son of Kareah, and one of "the captains of the forces who were in the fields" (i.e. probably guerrilla bands), who allied with Gedaliah, governor of Judah, after the fall of Jerusalem, 586 BC (2Ki 25:23; Jer 40:7-43:7). He warned Gedaliah of the plot of Ishmael ben Nethaniah, who was instigated by the Ammonite king Baalis, to murder the governor; but the latter refused to believe him nor would he grant Johanan permission to slay Ishmael (Jer 40:8-16). After Ishmael had murdered Gedaliah and also 70 northern pilgrims, Johanan went in pursuit. He was joined by the unwilling followers of Ishmael, but the murderer escaped. Thereupon Johanan settled at Geruth-Chimham near Bethlehem (Jer 41). As Ishmael’s plan was to take the remnant to the land of Ammon, so that of Johanan and his fellow-chiefs was to go to Egypt. They consulted the Divine oracle through Jeremiah, and received the answer that they should remain in Judah (Jer 42). But the prophet was accused of giving false counsel and of being influenced by Baruch. The chiefs then resolved to go to Egypt, and forced Jeremiah and Baruch to accompany them (Jer 43).
(2) The eldest son of King Josiah (1Ch 3:15), apparently = "Jehoahaz" (2Ki 23:30-33).
(3) Son of Elioenai, and a Davidic post-exilic prince (1Ch 3:24).
(4) Father of the Azariah who was priest in Solomon’s time (1Ch 6:9,10; (Hebrew 5:35,36)).
(5) A Benjamite recruit of David at Ziklag, but perhaps a Judean (1Ch 12:4 (Hebrew 5)).
(6) A Gadite recruit of David at Ziklag (1Ch 12:12 (Hebrew 13)).
(7) Hebrew has "Jehohanan," an Ephraimite chief (2Ch 28:12).
(8) A returned exile (Ezr 8:12) = "Joannes" (1 Esdras 8:38, the King James Version "Johannes").
(9) Ne 12:22,23 = JEHOHANAN, (3).