JOBAB (jō'băb, Heb. yôvāv, to call loudly, howl)
An Arabian tribe descended from Joktan (Gen.10.29; 1Chr.1.23).The second king of Edom. He was the son of Zerah of Bozrah (Gen.36.33; 1Chr.1.44-1Chr.1.45).A king of Madon. He joined the northern confederacy against Joshua, but he and his allies were thoroughly defeated at the waters of Merom (Josh.11.1; Josh.12.19).A Benjamite (1Chr.8.9).A Benjamite (1Chr.8.18).
JOBAB jō’ băb (יוֹבָ֑ב). 1. A son of Joktan, and the name of an Arabian family group (Gen 10:29; 1 Chron 1:23). Scholars are not agreed regarding the location of the tribe.
2. The second king of Edom; he came from Bozrah (Gen 36:33; 1 Chron 1:44).
3. A king of the town of Madon, somewhere in N Pal. Joshua defeated him (Josh 11:1; 12:19).
4. A Benjaminite, son of Shaharaim (1 Chron 8:9).
5. A Benjaminite, son of Elpaal (1 Chron 8:18).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(yobhabh, perhaps "howling"; Iobab):
(1) "Son" of Joktan (Ge 10:29; 1Ch 1:23).
See [[Table of Nations]].
(2) An Edomite king (Ge 36:33,14; 1Ch 1:44,45).
(3) King of Madon (Jos 11:1).
(4) 1Ch 8:9; and (5) 1Ch 8:18, Benjamites.
The name is confused with that of Job in Septuagint of Job 42:17.