From the time of the Crusades the site of Jezreel has been identified with the modern village of Zer'in on the NW spur of Gilboa, but this identification is now questioned because excavations have failed to reveal any evidence of Israelite occupation in ancient times. From Jezreel there was a splendid view of the plain reaching toward the Jordan (
2. A town in the hill country of Judah from which David obtained his wife Ahinoam the Jezreelitess (
3. A descendant of Judah (
4. A son of the prophet Hosea, so called because God had declared that he would avenge the blood of Jezreel on the house of Jehu (
JEZREEL jĕz’ rĭ əl (יִזְרְעֶ֥אל, LXX ̓Ιεζραελ God sows). 1. A city in the hill country of Judah.
2. A city near Mt. Gilboa on the border of Issachar. In outlining the inheritance of the tribe of Issachar,
After Saul’s death, his general set up Saul’s son Ishbosheth as king over Jezreel, other cities, and even “all Israel” (
During the administration of Solomon, one of the twelve court officials was at Taanach, Megiddo, and Beth-shan, the latter being described as being below (i.e., S of) Jezreel (
Apparently Jezreel had been made a royal residence by King Ahab of Israel, for it was there that Elijah met him after the episode at Mt. Carmel and the ending of the drought (
The book of 1 Kings at
Ahab’s son Joram (or Jehoram), who reigned in Israel after his father’s death, went to war against Syria in coalition with Ahaziah, king of Judah (
Then Joram and Ahaziah, who had been visiting his wounded neighbor, met Jehu in the garden that had been the vineyard of Naboth (
Jehu ordered the heads of Ahab’s surviving sons to be sent to him at Jezreel from Samaria. When this was done, Jehu also “slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, all his great men, and his familiar friends, and his priests...” (
Jezreel has been identified with the modern village of Zer’in at the foot of Mt. Gilboa, halfway between Megiddo and Beth-shan.
3. The Valley of Jezreel is the SE part of the larger valley that divides Galilee on the N from Samaria on the S. The Valley of Megiddo is the northwestern part of it. At the time of the division of the tribes, the Valley of Jezreel and Beth-shan, its principal city, were inhabited by Canaanites (
It was in the Valley of Jezreel that the Midianites, the Amalekites, and other eastern peoples camped during the judgeship of Gideon (
The valley in the narrow sense is bordered on the W by Gilboa and Moreh, and on the E by the. The Jalud River drains it into the Jordan. Because it is part of the only natural E-W pass across Pal., it has seen much traffic over the centuries. The name Jezreel evolved to Esdraelon in NT times.
4. A son of Etam. The MT has “fathers of Etam.” Jezreel is among those of the tribe of Judah. The only mention of this son is in
5. A symbolic name of one of the sons of Hosea (
E. Kraeling, Bible Atlas (1956), 200, 279f., 286f.; D. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1957), 148-154. Cf. commentaries for the interpretation of Jezreel in
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
jez’-re-el, jez’-rel (yizre`e’l, "God soweth"):
(1) A city on the border of the territory of Issachar (
The site of Jezreel must be sought in a position where a tower would command a view of the road coming up the valley from Beth-shean. It has long been the custom to identify it with the modern village, Zer`in, on the northwestern spur of Gilboa. This meets the above condition; and it also agrees with the indications in Eusebius, Onomasticon as lying between Legio (Lejjun) and Scythopolis (Beisan). Recently, however, Professor A.R.S. Macalister made a series of excavations here, and failed to find any evidence of ancient Israelite occupation. This casts doubt upon the identification, and further excavation is necessary before any certain conclusion can be reached. For the "fountain which is in Jezreel," see Well of Harod.
(2) An unidentified town in the uplands of Judah (