JESHIMON (jē-shī'mŏn, Heb. hayeshîmōn, a waste, a desert). The word is often used as a common noun to refer to the desert of Sinai (e.g.,
1. The “desert” in the Jordan Valley, NE of the Dead Sea, seen from the top of Pisgah (
2. The sterile plateau to which David went in fleeing from Saul. It was near Ziph and Maon, SE of Hebron. It refers to the eastern section of the Judean hills, which stretch toward the Dead Sea. For most of the year it is bare of vegetation. Its chalky hills have always been the home of outlaws (
JESHIMON jĭ shī’ mən (יְשִׁימֹֽון; LXX Ιεσσαιμυν, meaning waste or desert, and usually rendered as a common noun, except with the article, when it refers to a specific area, e.g.):
The wilderness of Judea.
The southern part, SE of Hebron, in the vicinity of Ziph (
The region of Pisgah in Moab.
A barren area, NE of the Dead Sea (
The desert was regarded as a dreadful place, to be avoided, or crossed hurriedly. Its occupants were often regarded as inferior, or they would not remain there (cf. the disdainful attitude of the Egyp. texts toward the “sand-dwellers”). Figurative usage of the term described a nation desolated and defeated by her enemies (cf.
G. Smith, The Historical Geography of the Holy Land (1906), 312-314; G. Wright and F. Filson, The Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible, rev. ed. (1956), 125, Map IX; Y. Aharoni, The Land of the Bible (1967), 57.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
je-she’-mon, jesh’-i-mon (ha-yeshimon, "the desert," and in the
(1) The "desert" North of the Dead Sea, which was overlooked from Pisgah (
(2) The sterile plateau West of the steep cliffs bordering the western shores of the Dead Sea. Here between the lower slopes of the Judean hills, where thousands of Bedouin live and herd their flocks, and the more fertile borders of the sea with their oases (`Ain Feshkhah, `Ain Jidy, etc.), is a broad strip of utterly waterless land, the soft chalky hills of which are, for all but a few short weeks, destitute of practically any vegetation. The
The word "Jeshimon" (yeshimon) is often used as a common noun in referring to the desert of Sinai (