JEHIEL (jē-hī'ĕl, God lives)

JEHIEL jĭ hī’ əl (יְחִיאֵ֣ל, meaning May El live). A personal name used of perhaps nine different men in the later historical materials.

1. A Levite in David’s time appointed among others to play a musical instrument as a part of the ministrations before the “ark of the Lord” (1 Chron 15:18, 20; 16:5).

2. A Gershonite Levite whose father was Ladan; among the many Levites whose former tabernacle duties were replaced by Temple duties (1 Chron 23:8; 29:8).

3. A son of Hachmoni who, along with David’s uncle, Jonathan, attended the king’s sons (1 Chron 27:32).

4. A son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah (1 Chron 21:2).

5. A son of Heman the singer of the time of Hezekiah (2 Chron 29:14). “Jehuel” is a variant with the vowel letter yod. He also was among those appointed by Hezekiah to staff the treasury of the Temple (31:13), to assist in the collecting, recording, and safekeeping of contributions, tithes, and other items.

6. One of three “chief officers” in the Temple during the reign of Josiah (2 Chron 35:8).

7. The father of Obadiah who was among those who came to Jerusalem from Babylon with Ezra (Ezra 8:9).

8. The father of Shechaniah in the time of Ezra who led a public confession concerning mixed marriages forbidden by the law (Ezra 10:2).

9. A priest who had taken a foreign woman as his wife but who agreed to divorce her and to offer a guilt offering on account of his sin (Ezra 10:21).

10. A person among the laity who followed the example of others who had taken foreign women as wives and who were influenced by Ezra that wrong had been done (Ezra 10:26).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

je-hi’-el, je-hi’-e-li (yechi’el, "may God live!"):

(1) A Levite, one of the musicians appointed to play upon instruments at the bringing up of the ark by David (1Ch 15:18,20; 16:5); (yechi’eli): A patronymic of this name (1Ch 26:21,22), but Curtis (Chronicles, 286-87) reads "Jehiel (1Ch 26:21) and he is brethren Zetham and Joel" (1Ch 26:22); compare 1Ch 23:8, where the three seem to be brothers. See (2) above.

(2) A Gershonite, head of a Levitical house (1Ch 23:8; 29:8).

(3) Son of a Hachmonite; he was "with the king’s (David’s) sons," i.e. their tutor (1Ch 27:32).

(4) A son of King Jehoshaphat (2Ch 21:2).

(5) In 2Ch 29:14 the King James Version, where Qere is yechu’el, the Revised Version (British and American) "Jehuel," a Hermanite Levite who took part in cleansing the temple in Hezekiah’s reign.

(6) An overseer in Hezekiah’s reign (2Ch 31:13).

(7) One of the three "rulers" of the temple in Hezekiah’s reign (2Ch 35:8).

(8) Father of Obadiah, a returned exile (Ezr 8:9) = "Jezelus" of 1 Esdras 8:35.

(9) Father of Shecaniah (Ezr 10:2) = "Jeelus" of 1 Esdras 8:92. He was a "son" of Elam, and so probably the same as "Jehiel" in Ezr 10:26, one of those who had married foreign wives = "Jezrielus" of 1 Esdras 9:27.

(10) A "son" of Harim, and one of those who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:21) = "Hiereel" of 1 Esdras 9:21.

(11) The King James Version in 1Ch 9:35 = JEIEL (q.v. (2)).

(12) The King James Version in 1Ch 11:44 = JEIEL (q.v. (3)).