Jarmuth

JARMUTH (jar'mŭth, Heb. yarmûth, height)

One of the numerous places included in the heritage of Judah (Josh.15.35) that had been captured from its king, Piram, who was a member of the coalition called by the king of Jerusalem to oppose Joshua (Josh.10.1-Josh.10.5). Ruins of the city have been found sixteen miles (twenty-seven km.) WSW from Jerusalem. Walls and numerous wells show it to have been a stronghold—modern Khirbit el Yarmuk.Another city of the name was given to the Gershonite Levites from the heritage of Issachar (Josh.21.27-Josh.21.29), also called Remeth (Josh.19.21) and Ramoth (1Chr.6.73).


JARMUTH jär’ muth (יַרְמ֜וּת, a height). 1. A city in Canaan whose king, Piram, entered into a conspiracy with the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Lachish, and Debir against the Gibeonites to revenge their submission to Joshua (Josh 10:3, 5, 22ff.). Joshua defeated the five kings at Gibeon and slew them at Makkedah. It was about ten Rom. m. from Eleutheropolis, on the way toward Jerusalem. After the conquest of Canaan it was assigned to Judah. Some Jews returned there after the Babylonian Exile (Neh 11:29).

2. A city in Issachar belonging to the Gershonite Levites (Josh 21:29). In the parallel list in 1 Chronicles 6:73 the text has Ramoth; in Joshua 19:21 Remeth appears among the cities of Issachar. The name was prob. Remeth or Ramoth, but the site remains uncertain.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(yarmuth:

(1) A city of the Canaanites in the Shephelah (Jos 15:35) of Judah whose "king," Piram, joined the league of the "five kings" against Joshua (Jos 10:3-5), was defeated at Gibeon and slain at Makkedah (10:23). One of the 31 "kings" defeated in Joshua’ s campaign (Jos 12:11). In Jos 15:35 it is mentioned in conjunction with Adullam, Socoh and Azekah, and in Ne 11:29 with Zorah, Zanoah and Adullam. Cheyne (Encyclopedia Biblica) suggests that the "Maroth" of Mic 1:12 may be a copyist’s error for Jarmuth. In Eusebius, Onomasticon (OS2 132 31; 266 38) mention is made of a Iermochos, or Jermucha, 10 Roman miles Northeast of Eleutheropolis (Beit Jibrin), The site of this once important place is Khirbet el Yarmuk, a ruin, with many old walls and cisterns, on the top of a hill 1,465 ft. above sealevel. It is nearly 2 miles Northwest of Belt Nattif, from which it is visible, and 8 1/2 miles, as measured on map, N.N.E. of Belt Jibrin. Compare PEF, III, 128, Sh XVIII.

(2) A city of Issachar belonging to the "children of Gershon, of the families of the Levites" (Jos 21:29); in the duplicate list in 1Ch 6:73 we have Ramoth, while in the Septuagint version of Jos 21:29 we have, in different VSS, Rhemmath or Iermoth. In Jos 19:21 "Remeth" occurs (in Hebrew) in the lists of cities of Issachar; in the Septuagint Rhemmas or Rhamath. The name was probably "Remeth" or "Ramoth," but the place has never been identified with any certainty.

See Ramoth.