James Martin Gray

1851-1935. Author and Bible teacher. Born in New York City, he was educated in New England schools, served as rector of First Reformed Episcopal Church, Boston (1879-94), and lectured at Reformed Episcopal Seminary, Philadelphia, and A.J. Gordon's Boston Missionary Training School (Gordon College). He lectured also at Moody Bible Institute summer sessions from 1893 until he became permanently associated with it as dean in 1904. He was president for nine years from 1925. Guiding the institute through a period of growth, he developed and popularized the synthetic approach to Bible study which greatly influenced Bible institute and Bible college curricula. He wrote many books, including How to Master the English Bible (1909) Synthetic Bible Study (1920), and Prophecy and the Lord's Return (1917), was one of the editors of the Scofield Reference Bible, and produced a number of popular hymns.