1815-1897. Missionary and Chinese scholar. Born in Scotland, he graduated in arts at Aberdeen (1835) and early revealed scholarly gifts. In 1839 he went to Malacca under the London Missionary Society to become principal of the Anglo-Chinese College, and three years later he founded a theological college in Hong Kong where he also revised part of the NT. He returned to England in 1873 and two years later became the first professor of Chinese at Oxford University, where he enhanced his reputation by monumental translations of classical Chinese literature.