James Guthrie

c.1612-1661. Scottish minister. Son of an Angus landowner, he at first favored episcopacy, but at St. Andrews University he became a Presbyterian, and in 1642 was ordained at Lauder in Berwickshire. In 1646 he was one of the Scots commissioners sent to press upon Charles I the claims of Presbyterianism and the Solemn League and Covenant.* In 1649 he became minister of Stirling, where he confirmed his stance as a strong Covenanter* by declining Charles II's judgment in matters of doctrine. Later during the Cromwellian regime, however, he upheld the principle of the kingly office. In 1653 he published Causes of God's Wrath against Scotland which governed all conduct by “the duty of preserving and defending true religion.” After the Restoration in 1660, Guthrie with others reminded Charles of his covenant obligation, but the petitioners were seized and imprisoned. Guthrie continued to deny the king's authority in ecclesiastical affairs, and was hanged in Edinburgh.