1530?-1570. Anglican theologian. Educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge, he became in 1548 one of the first students of 's renewed foundation of Christ Church, Oxford. Although an M.A. by 1552, he preferred to wait for the return of Protestantism under Elizabeth before proceeding to his B.D. and ordination in 1559-60. Calfhill was quickly preferred: canon of Christ Church (1560), prebend of St. Paul's (1562), Lady Margaret professor of divinity at Oxford (1564). He was nominated bishop of Worcester in 1570, but died before consecration. He preached two sermons at Bristol in 1568 against the views of Cheyney, bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. His most important published work was An Answer to the Treatise of the Cross (1565).