Iona

A small Scottish island off the SW coast of Mull from which Columba,* who arrived there in 563, evangelized W Scotland and N England. His monastery became a famous ecclesiastical center, but was repeatedly ravaged by Norsemen. A Benedictine house was established on Iona in the early thirteenth century, but the buildings were pulled down at the Reformation in 1561. In 1900 the duke of Argyll gave the monastic ruins into the care of the Church of Scotland. The abbey church of St. Mary, dating from the twelfth century, has been restored and is now used in connection with the work and worship of the Iona Community.* Forty-six Scottish kings are said to have been buried on the island. Many ancient remains have been discovered, including a number of Celtic crosses. Iona forms part of a Church of Scotland parish which embraces also a section of Mull.