Hagiography

That special category of biographical literature centering upon those regarded as “holy.” Such hagiography ranges from the life of one saint to the complex collections of lives of saints encyclopedically arranged. Hagiographic literature within the Hebrew-Christian tradition belongs already to the literature of the OT. It is further embellished in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, plays little part in the NT (unless one includes in it certain aspects of the gospels or the Acts of the Apostles), but is of increasing importance from the second century on, including much of the Apocryphal New Testament,* with Eusebius of Caesarea representing the first major collector and illustrating the close alliance with “martyrology.”