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GOZAN (gō'zăn, Heb. gôzān). A city located in NE Mesopotamia, on the Habor River, a tributary of the Euphrates. Here the Israelites were deported by the Assyrians following the fall of Samaria, the capital of the northern kingdom (2Kgs.17.6; 2Kgs.18.11; 2Kgs.19.12; 1Chr.5.26). The Assyrians called the city Guzanu (the Guzanitis of Ptolemy). In a.d. 1911 Baron von Oppenheim discovered a new culture at Tell Halaf, the modern name for Gozan. The relics of pottery are thought to date back to as far as 4000 b.c.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

A place in Assyria to which Israelites were deported on the fall of Samaria (2Ki 17:6; 18:11; 1Ch 5:26). It is also mentioned in a letter of Sennacherib to Hezekiah (2Ki 19:12; Isa 37:12). The district is that named Guzana by the Assyrians, and Gauzanitis by Ptolemy, West of Nisibis, with which, in the Assyrian geographical list (WAI, II, 53, l. 43), it is mentioned as the name of a city (alu Guzana; alu Nasibina). It became an Assyrian province, and rebelled in 759 BC, but was again reduced to subjection.

See Habor; Halah.