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Gottlieb Christoph Adolph von Harless
1806-1879. German Lutheran theologian. Born in Nuremberg, he studied philology and law at Erlangen and Halle, where he was influenced by F.A.G. Tholuck* toward theology and particularly Luther's doctrine of justification. He was professor of NT exegesis and university preacher at Erlangen (1829-45), where he considerably raised the standard of theological teaching and founded the Zeitschrift für Protestantismus und Kirche (1838-76). He was professor at Leipzig (1845-50) and court preacher at Dresden (1850). Called to Munich (1852) to become president of the supreme consistory of Bavaria, he reorganized the Lutheran state church and gave it a new hymnbook and a new order of services. He was one of the most influential representatives of Lutheran orthodoxy of his generation. Among his writings was Christliche Ethik (1842), translated as System of (1865).