Also called “sponsors,” they act on behalf of infants at baptism, and in their stead pronounce the renunciation of Satan, the confession of faith, and assist during the baptism itself. The sponsor either touches or holds the person being baptized and receives him from the hands of the minister following the ceremony. Sponsors act as witnesses on behalf of adults too. For solemn baptism there can be no more than two sponsors, a man and a woman, who must not be closely related to the person baptized. Sponsors themselves must have been baptized, have reached the age of reason, must intend to execute the office of sponsor, must not be an excommunicate, a heretic, father, mother, or spouse of the subject, and must be designated to the role by the recipient, his parents, his guardian, or the minister.