1816-1888. American missionary called the “White Saint of India.” Born in Middlebury, Vermont, his early life was irreligious. In 1844 his dying sweetheart gave him a Bible, which became the means of his conversion and of his decision to become a missionary. After seminary training he was appointed to the Marathi Mission by the American Board.* From 1848 to 1888 he served in the Bombay region, unmarried and without furlough. After a year on the field he determined to live a life of self-denial as a self-supporting missionary on the level of the people. In 1872, influenced by ,* he joined the Methodist Church in India. By his writings, and particularly through editing the Bombay Guardian, he strongly influenced both missionaries and Indians.