Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland

This originated in a group in the Free Church of Scotland which objected to the Declaratory Act of 1892. The act stated that the Free Church disclaimed intolerant or persecuting principles and did not consider her office-bearers, in signing the Westminster Confession of Faith, committed to any principles inconsistent with liberty of conscience and the right of private judgment. This Scottish secession is unique in that it turned primarily on a doctrinal issue and not on relationships between church and state. The post-1900 Free Church repealed the Declaratory Act, but in such a way that the Free Presbyterians have felt constrained to continue a separate witness, although the two churches are similar in most other respects. Their numerical strength is officially estimated at 10,000 members and adherents.