King of Denmark and Norway. From his accession in 1699 he was continually at war, but he did introduce reforms in the treatment of peasants, the administration of justice and public finances, military organization, and commercial relations. While crown prince, he was greatly influenced by Pietism and decided to emulate Roman Catholic rulers by caring for the spiritual welfare of his subjects in the South Indian dependency of Tranquebar. Finding no suitable candidate in Denmark, he secured* and * Over the objections of several Danish theologians Frederick obtained their ordination as missionaries in November 1705, and they immediately sailed for India. In 1718 he approved the mission of * to Danish- owned Greenland.