1808-1882. Bishop of Sydney. An English clergyman educated at Cambridge (he was influenced by *), his evangelicalism was colored by his contacts with Ireland and his incumbency in a Liverpool parish. His service under Archbishop Sumner led to Barker's appointment to the bishopric of Sydney in 1854. He reestablished the evangelical tradition first impressed on the Australian diocese by the early chaplains. His influence spread through the founding of Moore College, the oldest theological college in Australia, in 1856. Barker promoted church extension by means of a church society, which paved the way for the setting up of synodical government by laity and clergy in 1866. With his support a general synod was formed in 1872 for the whole in Australia. During his twenty-eight-year episcopate he saw the division of his vast diocese and a considerable strengthening of the parish system.