Frank Nathan Daniel Buchman

1878-1961. Founder of Moral Re-Armament, earlier known as the Oxford Group.* Born in Pennsburg, Pennsylvania, and educated at Muhlenberg College and Mt. Airy Seminary, he was ordained as a Lutheran clergyman. After engaging in unsuccessful work with students, he experienced a religious conversion at Keswick, England, in 1908. He soon began a movement to develop new methods of evangelism as a means of fostering world change. In 1921 he founded the First Century Christian Movement, in 1929 the Oxford Group, and finally in 1938 Moral Re-Armament (MRA). His house parties and stress on confession and the four absolutes won many among the upper classes and students.