Francis Neil Aidan Gasquet

1846-1929. Benedictine* scholar. Born in London of French and Scots parentage, he was educated at Downside, was made prior there in 1878, but resigned in 1885 because of ill health. Convalescence led him to historical research. The result was his Henry VIII and the English Monasteries (2 vols., 1888-89), which won acclaim for its vindication of English monastics at the Reformation, and Edward VI and the Book of Common Prayer (1891), which led to his nomination to the Commission on Anglican Orders (1896). Abbot- president of the English Benedictine Congregation (1900-1914), he was also the first president of the International Commission for the Revision of the Vulgate (1907). He was created cardinal in 1914, negotiated for a British minister to the Vatican, and became prefect of the Vatican Archives in 1917 and librarian in 1919. His other works included A History of the Catholic Church in England (2 vols., 1897) and Monastic Life in the Middle Ages (1922).