Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard

1839-1898. Educator, temperance leader, and suffragist. Born of Puritan ancestry at Churchville, New York, she grew up on the Wisconsin frontier. She attended Milwaukee Female College and graduated from Northwestern Female College, Evanston (1859), where she was converted, later becoming a Methodist. Never married, she taught at Pittsburgh and at Genesee before becoming president of Evanston College for Ladies (1871-74). She became president of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union (1879) and of the World's Woman Christian Temperance Union (1891) and helped organize the Prohibition Party in 1882. A women's rights reformer, she was National Council of Women president. She wrote Woman and Temperance (1883) and Glimpses of Fifty Years (1889).