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EPHAI (ē'fī, Heb. ‘êphay, gloomy). The Netophathite whose sons were among the captains of the forces left in Judah after the deportation to Babylon (Jer.40.8). They served under Gedaliah, the governor appointed by the Babylonians. After their warning of the plot against Gedaliah went unheeded (Jer.40.13-Jer.40.16), they were murdered with him by Ishmael, son of Nethaniah (Jer.41.3).

EPHAI ē’ fī (עֵיפַ֣י, Jer 40:8). He was an inhabitant of Netophah, a city or group of villages near Bethlehem. His sons were among the officers who placed themselves under the authority of Gedaliah, the Babylonian appointed governor of Judah after the Exile. The phrase, “the sons of Ephai,” is left out of the parallel passage in 2 Kings 25:23-25.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

e’-fi, e’-fa-i (`ephay, in Qere, `ophai, in Kethibh; Iophe, Ophe, "gloomy," "obscuring," in the Septuagint, Septuagint):

"The Netophathite," whose sons were numbered among "the captains of the forces" left in Judah after the carrying away to Babylon (Jer 40 Jer 47). His sons assembled at Mizpah with Gedaliah, governor of the scattered Jews, and with him were slain by Ishmael, the son of Nethaniah (Jet 41:3).