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(Gr. energoumenoi). In general ecclesiastical usage, those whose bodies were possessed by an evil spirit. The early church made special provision for such and placed them in the oversight of exorcists. Baptism was denied them until a complete cure had been effected. In cases where church members were afflicted, they were debarred from the sanctuary and restricted to the outer porch. A partial cure permitted them to rejoin public worship, but not to communicate until wholly restored. Rules regarding baptism and Communion, however, could be waived where death appeared to be imminent.

See also Exorcism.