EBER (ē'bêr, Heb. ‘ēver). This word means “a region across or beyond.” The name of the Hebrew people may be derived from Eber, as its form is the same as the word iberi (meaning “Hebrew”) without the gentilic ending. The Hebrews were a people who came from a region beyond the Euphrates River.
1. The son of Shelah, a grandson of Shem (
2. The head of a family in the tribe of Gad (
3. The oldest son of Elpaal, a Benjamite (
4. A son of Shimei, a Benjamite (
5. Head of a priestly family that came from Babylon under Zerubbabel (
EBER ē’ bər (עֵ֔בֶר, one who crosses over). Name of an ancestor of Abraham and of four minor individuals in the OT.
Eber is the fourth in the genealogy from Noah to Abraham (
The meaning of the word ’ēḇer is uncertain. The root means “to cross over.” The form may well be intransitive and refer more to a “nomad,” a “traveler.” This meaning would fit the name “Hebrew,” but as mentioned above, may be only coincidental.
The name ’ēḇer also is applied to a Gadite (
M. Greenberg, The Hab/piru (American Oriental Series, vol. 39 , 90-93).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(`ebher; Eber, in Gen; Obed, in Ch):
(1) Occurs in the genealogies (
(2) A Gadite (
(3) & (4) Two Benjamites (
(5) The head of a priestly family (