DIOSCURI dī ŏs ku’ re (Διόσκουροι, G1483, sons of Zeus). The twin patrons of distressed seamen in Gr. and Rom. mythology, whose names were .
Traditionally the sons of Zeus by Leda, to whom he appeared as a swan, they were also considered to be the children of Tyndareus, king of Sparta, where they were said to have ruled and had been buried. They were esp. worshiped by the Dorian Greeks. Castor was a great charioteer and Pollux a boxer. When Pollux was offered immortality by Zeus, he chose to share death with Castor who had been killed in a fight.
As the patrons of sailors, they were identified with the two highest stars of the constellation Gemini (Twins) and appeared also to sailors during electrical storms as St. Elmo’s fire.
Paul sailed from Malta to Puteoli on an Alexandrian ship which was marked by the Dioscouri (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)