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First, there is the concept of denying by lying. Sarah denied/lied that she laughed in Genesis 18:15. In Proverbs 30:9 the writer is concerned lest he come to deny God by lying about his knowledge of God. Peter denied the Lord by lying about his involvement with Jesus (Matt 26:70, 72).

Second, there is the idea of denying by withholding something from someone. The writer is requesting two things in Proverbs 30:7, and he asks that they not be denied/withheld from him before he dies. This same idea is seen in Genesis 30:2 where Jacob is expressing his anger against Rachel in that she feels that Jacob is at fault because she had not yet conceived a child. The attitude of denying oneself (Matt 16:24; Mark 8:34) would come under this second category as well. It is the withholding or the refusing of one’s self-interest and personal ambition in acknowledgement of Jesus Christ.

Third, there is denial by rejecting or disowning someone or something. Many Jews of Jerusalem rejected Jesus as Messiah (Acts 3:13). Joshua established a monument as a reminder to the people that they not disown or reject the God who led them into the Promised Land (Josh 24:26). Job was concerned that he not put his confidence or trust in gold, lest he reject God (Job 31:28).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

James M. Gray