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Some obscure references to carts or wagons require specialized explanation; e.g., the fig. reference to a cart rope in Isaiah 5:18; the expression עֶגְלֹ֥ת צָב (lit. wagons of wagon, Num 7:3), tr. KJV, RSV “covered wagons,” new Jewish VS (1962) “draught carts”; the references in Ezekiel 23:24; 26:10 and Psalm 46:9 seem to be to the transport wagons of an army; the reference in Isaiah 28:27, 28 is to some kind of vehicle used in threshing.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

The Hebrew word has been translated in some passages "cart," and in others "wagon." In one verse only has it been translated "chariot." The context of the various passages indicates that a distinction was made between vehicles which were used for carrying baggage or produce and those used for carrying riders (chariots), although in their primitive form of construction they were much the same (compare English "cart" and "carriage").

Bible descriptions and ancient Babylonian and Egyptian pictures indicate that the cart was usually two-wheeled and drawn by two oxen.

With the Arabian conquests and subsequent ruin of the roads wheeled vehicles disappeared from Syria and Palestine. History is again repeating itself. The Circassians, whom the Turkish government has settled near Caesarea, Jerash (Gerasa) and Amman (Philadelphia), have introduced a crude cart which must be similar to that used in Old Testament times. The two wheels are of solid wood. A straight shaft is joined to the wooden axle, and to this a yoke of oxen is attached. On the Philistian plains may be seen carts of present-day Egyptian origin but of a pattern many centuries old. With the establishment of government roads during the last 50 years, European vehicles of all descriptions are fast coming into the country.

One figurative reference is made to the cart (Isa 5:18), but its meaning is obscure.

James A. Patch