CALVARY (kăl'va-rē, Lat. calvaria, skull). A place not far from the walls of Jerusalem where Christ was crucified and near which he was buried (Luke.23.33). The Latin calvaria is a rendering of the Greek kranion, “skull,” which renders the Hebrew Gulgoleth and the Aramaic Gulgulta. The common explanation is that the name was due to the cranial shape of the hill.