CAGE. A device so-called when used by the fowler to keep his live birds, but “basket” when used for fruit (
CAGE (כְּלוּב, H3990, סוּגַר, H6050; LXX ἄγγος, γαλεάγρα, παγίς; NT φυλακή, G5871). A box-like receptacle or enclosure for confining animals or birds, constructed with openwork of bars, wires, etc.
1. (כְּלוּב, H3990, cage, basket; cave (
2. סוּגַר, H6050, cage, prison (
3. ἄγγος, G35, vessel, container, receptacle (
4. γαλεάγρα weasel-trap/cage; generally cage for beasts (
5. παγίς, G4075, trap, snare, noose (
6. φυλακή, G5871, watch, guard. Found in Homer, Aristotle, Philo, Josephus. Occurs 117 times in LXX (to tr. eight Heb. words); forty-seven times in NT. KJV cage; RSV haunt (
Akkadian šigâru (cage) was perhaps a wooden, ladder-like neck stock, in which as many as six captives could be held at the same time.
Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum (1828-1877), 3573; G. Kaibel (ed), Epigrammata Graeca ex lapidibus conlects (1878), 421.3 f.; C. Michel (ed.), Recueil d’Inscriptions Grecques (1900), 1361.4f.; H. von Gaertringen, Die Inschriften von Priene (1906), 28.4; B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and E. J. Goodspeed (eds.), The Tebtunis Papyri, II (1902-1907), 282.7; H. St. John Thackeray, A Grammar of the OT in Greek, I (1909), 102; B. Reicke, The Disobedient Spirits and Christian Baptism (1946), 116f.; J. B. Pritchard (ed), Ancient Near Eastern Texts (1950), 298.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
The earliest known form of cage made to confine a bird, for the pleasure of its song or the beauty of its coloring, was a crude affair of willows or other pliable twigs. Later cages were made of pottery, and now they are mostly made of wire. References in the Bible make it very clear that people were accustomed to confine in cages such birds as they especially prized for pets, or to detain them for market purposes. James indicated that cages were common when he wrote (