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Benedict XIV

Pope from 1740. From an old Bolognese noble family, Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini was educated at the Collegium Clementinum, Rome. Beginning as an assistant lawyer in Rome, he became Consistoral Advocate (1701), [[Promoter Fidei]] (1708), assessor of the Congregation of Rites (1712), and secretary of the Congregation of the Council (1718). He was appointed bishop of Ancona in 1727, cardinal in 1728, and archbishop of Bologna in 1731. He was elected pope following a struggle between the moderates and those resisting the takeover of ecclesiastical privileges by secular authorities.