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Beatitudes

[[The Beatitudes]] do not describe separate types of Christian character. Rather, they set forth qualities and experiences that are combined in the ideal character. In Matthew there are nine beatitudes and no woes; Luke has four beatitudes and four corresponding woes. In Matthew all the sayings except the last are in the third person; in Luke they are in the second. In Matthew all the blessings except the last are attached to spiritual qualities; in Luke they relate to outward conditions of poverty and suffering. The general declarations in Matthew require certain spiritual conditions, whereas the special declarations in Luke, since they were addressed to Jesus' disciples, do not. Luke omits the third, fifth, sixth, and seventh beatitudes of Matthew. Some scholars profess to find a gradation in the order in which the beatitudes are recorded. Much has been written on the grouping of the Beatitudes, but no grouping is generally accepted. Bibliography: W. D. Davies, [[The Sermon on the