BATHSHEBA, BATH-SHEBA băth she’ bə (בַּת־שֶׁ֣בַע, prob. daughter of an oath, or the seventh daughter; also called BATH-SHUA, daughter of abundance [1 Chron 3:5; KJV and ASV have Bath-sheba]). The wife of Uriah the Hittite, a soldier in David’s army. Attracted by her beauty, David seduced her and had Uriah placed in the forefront of a battle so that he would be killed (2 Sam 11). David then made her his wife. The child of their adultery died, but four other sons sprang from this marriage, the last of whom was Solomon (1 Chron 3:5). Near the end of David’s life, when Adonijah claimed succession to the throne, Bathsheba and the prophet Nathan persuaded David to proclaim Solomon king (1 Kings 1:5-40). Later, Adonijah persuaded Bathsheba to request of Solomon that he be given Abishag for his wife. The request was refused and Adonijah was put to death (1 Kings 2:13-25). Bathsheba is mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus (Matt 1:6 ASV).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

See Adonijah; Ammiel; Bathshua; David; Eliam; Nathan; Solomon.