BASTARD (Heb. mamzēr, Gr. nothos, bastard, specifically, child of incest). In Deut.23.2 the word probably means a “child of incest,” not simply an illegitimate child (niv “one born of a forbidden marriage”). There it says that a bastard and his descendants to the tenth generation are excluded from the assembly of the Lord. Jephthah, the “son of a strange woman” (kjv), a “prostitute” (niv), was called to be a judge of Israel (Judg.11.1-Judg.11.2). In Zech.9.6 KJV reads, “And a bastard shall dwell in Ashdod,” but NIV renders it, “Foreigners will occupy Ashdod.” In Heb.12.8 the word is used in its proper sense of born out of wedlock. Bastards had no claim to paternal care or the usual privileges and discipline of legitimate children.