ATTHARIAS ăth’ ə rī’ əs (̔Ατθαρίας). A proper name in 1 Esdras 5:40, where the KJV has ATHARIAS, RSV THE GOVERNOR. It is prob. a corruption of the title Tirshatha (Ezra 2:63 KJV; ASV, RSV GOVERNOR).

The official gave orders, with Nehemiah, to the priests after the Exile.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

a-tha-ri’as: 1 Esdras 5:40 = Ezr 2:63. See Tirshatha.