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Assyria

ASSYRIA ə sĭr’ ə ə (אַשּׁ֑וּר, ̓Ασσούρ). One of the ancient [[kingdom|kingdoms]] of [[Mesopotamia]]. While [[Babylonia]], the southern kingdom, occupied the plain between [[Baghdad]] and the [[Persian Gulf]], Assyria was generally bounded on the west by the [[Syria|Syrian]] [[desert]], on the south by Babylonia and on the north and east by the [[Armenia|Armenian]] and [[Persia|Persian]] hills. “Assyria” was also used to refer to the Assyrian empire which reached its zenith in the 8th to 7th centuries b.c. and included Babylonia, [[Elam]], [[Media]], Syria, Palestine and [[Arabia]], along with [[South Anatolia]], [[Cilicia]] and [[Egypt]]. Both Assyria and Babylonia enjoyed a long and impressive history. They shared a common Semitic language known as Assyro-Babylonian or [[Akkadian]]. An advanced civilization developed in Babylonia around 3000 b.c. and Babylonia remained more or less the cultural center of Mesopotamia until the 6th century b.c. Thus the two civilizations have much in