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Ashhur

ASHHUR (ăsh'e*chr). Great grandson of Judah through Perez and Hezron (1Chr.2.24; 1Chr.4.5).


ASHHUR ăsh’ ər (אַשְׁח֖וּר). This spelling is found in the ASV and RSV; the KJV spelling is Ashur (1 Chron 2:24; 4:5) He was the “father of Tekoa,” possibly the founder of that village. According to 1 Chronicles 2:24, Ashhur was a descendant of Caleb and Hezron; Ashur had two wives, Helah and Naarah (1 Chron 4:5).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

The "father of Tekoa" (1Ch 2:24; 4:5), probably the founder of the village. The original meaning of the name is the "man of Horus," Ashurites (ha-’ashuri). This name occurs in the list of Ish-bosheth’s subjects (2Sa 2:9).

The Syriac, Arabic, and Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) versions read ha-geshuri, "the Geshurites," designating the small kingdom to the South or Southeast of Damascus. This reading, though adopted by Ewald, Thenius and Wellhausen, is untenable, for during the reign of Ish-bosheth Geshur was ruled by its own king Talmai, whose daughter was married to David (2Sa 3:3; 13:37). Furthermore Geshur was too far away from the rest of Ishbosheth’s territory. A more consistent reading is ha- ’asheri, as given in the Targum of Jonathan and accepted by Kohler, Klost, Kirkpatrick and Budde, "those of the house of Asher" (compare Jud 1:32). The term would, then, denote the country to the West of Jordan above Jezreel.

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