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Ashdod

ASHDOD ăsh’ dŏd, ASHDODITES ăsh’ dŏd īts, ASHDOTHITES (KJV, Josh 13:3) ăsh dŏ thīts (אַשְׁדֹּ֨וד, meaning possibly fortress; Apoc. and NT form ̓Άζωτος, G111). One of the five important Philistine cities (cf. 1 Sam 6:17), located on or near the [[Mediterranean Sea]], W of Jerusalem. Ashdod was the farthest N of the three of these Philistine cities which were on or near the coast, being inland about three m. and about ten m. N of Ashkelon. Actually, by NT times there may have been two towns by the name of Azotus, for Josephus speaks of a coastal (Antiq. XIII. xv. 4) and an inland town by this name (Antiq. xiv. iv. 4; War I. vii. 7). Thus, at least in Christian times, there should prob. be distinguished a coastal Azotus (παράλιος ̓Άζωτος) from an inland one (μεσόγειος A). In the time of Israel’s conquest of the land of Canaan under Joshua, Ashdod was inhabited by the ancient Anakim people (Josh 11:22) and was assigned to the tribe of Judah (15:46, 47) along with other Philistine town